The anatomy of an Italian meal
Although there are a few but very rare exceptions, the sequence of the Italian meal is nearly always as follows:
The term antipasto means literally before the meal and consists of can consist of a wide variety of ingredients. If the meal is seafood-based, the antipasto might include cured or smoked fish. If the meal is landfood-based, prosciutto or other types of charcuterie are classic antipasti (the plural of antipasto).
2) Primo Piatto
Next comes the primo piatto or first course [dish]. This is generally a starch-based dish: rice or pasta or soup (often cooked with rice or pasta).
3) Secondo Piatto
Then comes the secondo piatto or entrée (literally, the second dish). This is a meat or fish dish, depending on the dinner, accompanied by contorni (plural of contorno, literally, side dish).
Italians generally eat their salad after the secondo piatto, the idea being that the vinegar and oil in the dressing cleanse the palate after heavier courses are consumed.
The cheese course can be accompanied by sweet, dried-grape wines or by aged tannic wines, like Brunello di Montalcino.
No Italian meal is complete without dessert, which can be accompanied by coffee (remember: Italians never drink cappuccino after 11 a.m.!)
To help the digestion after a complete meal, many Italians will offer their guests a grappa (grape pomace distillate) or amaro, a digestive liqueur.